Khaled Arman with Siar Hashimi
The rubab, also known as “the lion of instruments” is a short necked, double chambered lute and the national instrument of Afghanistan. The body is carved out of a single wood, with a membrane covering the hollow bowl of the sound-chamber, upon which the bridge is positioned. It has three melody strings tuned infourths, three drone strings and 11 or 12 sympathetic strings. The instrument is made from the trunk of a mulberry tree, the head from an animal skin such as a goat skin, and the melody strings from either gut or nylon.